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Flora Database

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Plant Name:

American Holly

Scientific Name:

Ilex opaca


American Holly is an evergreen tree with spiky, glossy leaves and red berries.


Forests, woodlands, riparian areas


Provides habitat and food for a variety of wildlife species, including birds and small mammals. The berries are consumed by birds.

Growing Conditions:

Thrives in well-drained, acidic soil in partial shade.


American Holly is commonly used in holiday decorations and landscaping. It has traditional medicinal uses and its wood is used for small crafts.

(please exercise caution and consult additional sources or experts before consuming any vegetation):


Photo Credits Below



Fun Facts:

American Holly is a dioecious plant, meaning it has separate male and female trees. Only the female trees produce berries. The berries are toxic to humans but provide an important food source for wildlife during the winter months.

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Photo Credit

Photo (c)2007 Derek Ramsey (Ram-Man)

Source File:

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