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Flora Database

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Plant Name:

Eastern Hemlock

Scientific Name:

Tsuga canadensis


Eastern Hemlock is an evergreen conifer with short, flat needles and small, round cones.


Cool, shady forests


Eastern Hemlock provides shelter and nesting sites for a variety of bird species. It also provides habitat for small mammals and insects.

Growing Conditions:

Eastern Hemlock prefers moist, well-drained soils in partial shade to full shade


Eastern Hemlock is often used as an ornamental tree in landscaping and for its wood, which is used for construction, furniture, and other purposes.

(please exercise caution and consult additional sources or experts before consuming any vegetation):


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Fun Facts:

Eastern Hemlock is a long-lived tree that can live for several centuries. It is also an important component of eastern North American forests. The tree's bark and needles have a distinct fragrance.

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