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Flora Database

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Plant Name:

Maryland Senna

Scientific Name:

Senna marilandica


Maryland Senna is a perennial herb with pinnately compound leaves and showy yellow flowers with dark centers. It is a member of the legume family and can fix nitrogen in the soil.


Dry, sandy soils, prairies, open areas


Maryland Senna provides nectar for bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. It is also a host plant for the cloudless sulfur butterfly and other species of sulfur butterflies.

Growing Conditions:

Maryland Senna thrives in well-drained soils and full sun.


Maryland Senna has medicinal uses in traditional herbal medicine. It is also used in prairie restorations and natural landscaping.

(please exercise caution and consult additional sources or experts before consuming any vegetation):


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Seeds and leaves are toxic; ingestion can cause gastrointestinal symptoms

Fun Facts:

Maryland Senna is native to eastern North America.

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